Drug resistance patterns among extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases in a tertiary care centre in North India

Sharma, S. K. and Chaubey, J. and Singh, B. K. and Sharma, R. and Mittal, A. and Sharma, A. (2017) Drug resistance patterns among extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases in a tertiary care centre in North India Int J Tuberc Lung Dis, 21 (10). pp. 1112-1117.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.16.0939

Abstract

BACKGROUND: xtra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is a growing public health concern, and data on drug resistance are limited. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Specimens from 2468 clinically diagnosed EPTB patients received at the Intermediate Reference Laboratory (IRL) of a tertiary centre in India were subjected to Ziehl-Neelsen staining, Xpert® MTB/RIF testing, liquid culture and drug susceptibility testing (DST) using automated BACTEC MGIT™ 960™. Line-probe assay (LPA) was performed on all culture-positive isolates. Gene sequencing was performed on rifampicin-resistant/multidrug-resistant TB (RR/MDR-TB) and phenotypic/genotypic discrepant isolates. RESULTS: The culture positivity rate was 18.9% (483/2553). The sensitivity and specificity of Xpert in diagnosing EPTB were respectively 70.8% (95%CI 66.5-74.8) and 97.7% (95%CI 96.9-98.3), with liquid culture as the reference standard. Prevalence of RR/MDR-TB was 10.1% (49/483). Prevalence of pre-extensively drug-resistant TB (pre-XDR-TB) was 18.4% (09/49), whereas the prevalence of XDR-TB among MDR-TB patients was 2% (01/49). The sensitivity of genotypic DST for the detection of rifampicin resistance was 92.7% (95%CI 81.1-98.5) and specificity was 99.3% (95%CI 97.5-99.9), with 100% concordance between Xpert and LPA. CONCLUSION: The burden of drug resistance, including M/XDR-TB, among EPTB patients

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: EPTB; Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis; Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis; Xpertw MTB/ RIF; Drug susceptibility testing
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Epidemiology
Tuberculosis > Extra Pulmonary TB
Tuberculosis > Drug Resistant TB
Institutions: National Task Force, Zonal Task Force & State Task Force of Medical Colleges
Depositing User: Mr SANJAY SINGH
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2017 00:58
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2017 00:58
URI: http://tbresearch.ntiindia.org.in/id/eprint/2321

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