A study of tuberculosis services as a component of primary health care

Radha Narayan, and Jones, A. and Prabhakar, S. and Srikantaramu, N. (1983) A study of tuberculosis services as a component of primary health care Indian J TB, 30. pp. 69-73.

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During last two decades, the health care delivery system has undergone several changes. The implementation of the concept of Primary Health Care and of the Multi Purpose Health Workers (MPWs) Scheme can be utilised to improve both Case-finding and case holding activities of the District Tuberculosis Programme. A study was undertaken by National Tuberculosis Institute (NTI) to obtain a profile of work of MPWs, observe their work on time and motion analogy and to ascertain output of tuberculosis services and other works. The study was carried out in a contiguous area of 6 PHCs of a district. The work of 16 MPWs was observed by a Social Investigator of NTI who accompanied them during a day's work; one month period was selected as reference period. 160 MPWs were asked to give details of their activities through self administered questionnaire and records of the six PHCs were studied in terms of output of the services. On an average a MPW travelled 15 kms, spent 4 hours in the village, visited 70 homes; Of them, 25% were locked. The time spent on different activities during home visits were 34% for minor ailments, 26% on malaria, 12% on family welfare and 11% on tuberculosis. Profile of activities carried out on a randomised day were, 77.5% did not perform any anti tuberculosis activities. Those who did anti tuberculosis work identified 4 symptomatics, prepared two smears and followed up 13 patients. The highest performance was with regard to Family Welfare (68%) and treatment of ailments (64%). As per the opinion of MPWs tuberculosis was 7th, 8th and 9th rank, malaria was lst and 3rd and family welfare was 1st and 2nd. As per the actual output of work from the PHC records, anti malaria (70%) and minor treatment had the maximum performance and family welfare averaged, as only 35 of the eligible couples were registered. Findings suggest that tuberculosis was given lower priority in terms of all the three points i.e., actual performance, profile of work of MPW, actual day's work of MPW and diverse health activities among rural population. Integration of tuberculosis at periphery needs more important considerations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Control Programme, Primary Health Care, Health Worker, Integration
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Operations Research
Institutions: National Tuberculosis Institute (NTI), Bangalore
Depositing User: admin
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2013 07:16
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2013 07:06
URI: http://tbresearch.ntiindia.org.in/id/eprint/171

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